WHAT IS CBD?
Cannabidiol is one of the so-called cannabinoids. Cannabinoids are active ingredients that were mainly found in the hemp plant (Cannabis sativa or Cannabis indica). The best-known cannabinoids are cannabidiol and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). The latter is responsible for the intoxicating effects of hemp plants. Compared to other plant substances, the cannabinoids were discovered relatively late. It was only in the 1970s that researchers were able to decipher the structure of cannabidiol and THC. For comparison: another important herbal active ingredient, the so-called salicylic acid, was discovered a hundred years earlier. The late discovery of cannabinoids led to the medical use of cannabis being unfortunately forgotten in the last century. After all, medicine has had the right to know exactly about the effects, properties and dosage of active ingredients since the 20th century. It was only with the discovery of cannabinoids, the active substances in the hemp plant, that cannabis became interesting again for modern medicine.
BENEFITS OF CBD
An example of this is migraines, where CBD oil can effectively relieve the headache. It can also reduce medication. Even if in most cases this results in a positive effect, the frequency of complaints may increase in rare cases.
2. Treat glaucoma
CBD can be used to treat glaucoma. Glaucoma increases the pressure in the eyeball, damages the optic nerve and leads to vision loss. According to the National Eye Institute, CBD reduces pressure in the eye.
"Studies in the early XNUMXs showed that smoking CBD lowered intraocular pressure (IOP) in people with normal pressure and in people with glaucoma."
These effects of the drug can prevent blindness.
3. Relieve arthritis
In 2011, researchers reported that cannabis relieves pain and inflammation and promotes sleep, which can help alleviate pain and discomfort in people with rheumatoid arthritis.
Researchers from the rheumatological departments of several hospitals gave their patients Sativex, a cannabinoid analgesic. After two weeks, patients on Sativex had a significant pain reduction and improved sleep quality compared to placebo users.
4. Check the epileptic seizure
A 2003 study showed that CBD use can control seizures.
Robert J. DeLorenzo of Virginia Commonwealth University gave CBD extract and synthetic CBD to epileptic rats. The medication stopped the seizures in about 10 hours.
The THC has been discovered to control attacks by binding the brain cells that are responsible for controlling irritability and regulating relaxation. The results were published in the Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics.
5. Prevent Alzheimer's
THC, the active ingredient in CBD, slows the progression of Alzheimer's disease, according to a 2006 study by Kim Janda from the Scripps Research Institute. THC slows the formation of amyloid plaques by blocking the enzyme in the brain that makes them up. These plaques kill the brain cells and may lead to Alzheimer's disease.
6. Relieves vibration in Parkinson's patients
Recent studies from Israel show that smoking CBD significantly reduces pain and tremors and improves sleep for Parkinson's patients. What was impressive about the study was the improvement in fine motor skills in patients.
Israel has legalized medical CBD and, with the support of the Israeli government, much research is being done into the medical uses of cannabis.
7. Pain relief in multiple sclerosis
CBD works against the negative neurological effects and muscle spasms caused by multiple sclerosis. A study published in the Canadian Medical Association suggests that CBD can relieve painful symptoms of multiple sclerosis.
Jody Cory Bloom examined 30 patients with multiple sclerosis with painful contractions in their muscles. These patients did not respond to other drugs, but after smoking CBD for a few days, they said they had less pain. The THC in the weeds binds the receptors in the nerves and muscles to relieve pain.
8. Reduce the symptoms of Dravet syndrome
Dravet syndrome causes seizures and severe developmental delays. Dr. Sanjay Gupta, renowned CNN chief correspondent, treated a five-year-old girl. Charlotte Figi with Dravet syndrome, with a medical CBD strain with a high cannabidiol content and a low THC content.
While examining his documentary "WEED," Gupta interviewed the Figi family, and according to the film, the drug reduced her seizures from 300 a week to just one every seven days. Forty other children use the same drug and it has helped them too.
The doctors who recommend this drug say that the cannabidiol in the plant interacts with the brain cells to satisfy the excessive brain activity that causes the attacks.
9. Help with Crohn's disease
Cannabis can help cure Crohn's disease. Crohn's disease is an inflammatory bowel disease that causes pain, vomiting, diarrhea, weight loss, and more.
However, a recent study in Israel found that smoking a joint significantly reduced the symptoms of Crohn's disease in 10 out of 11 patients and completely stopped the disease in five of these patients.
This is of course a small study, but other studies have provided similar results. Cannabinoids from cannabis appear to support bacterial bowel control and bowel function.
10. Reduce fear
In 2010, Harvard University researchers suggested that one of the benefits of the medication could be to reduce anxiety that would improve smokers' moods and act as a sedative in low doses.
However, be careful with higher doses as they increase anxiety and can make you more paranoid.
11. Help reverse the carcinogenic effects of tobacco and improve lung health
In January 2012, a study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association found that CBD improves lung function and even increases lung capacity. Researchers who looked for risk factors for heart disease and tested it on 20 young adults over a period of 5,115 years found that only weed users showed an increase in lung capacity compared to the tobacco smokers who actually lost their lung function over time.
It is believed that the increased lung capacity is due to the deep breaths taken during inhaler and from cannabis, not a therapeutic chemical in the drugs.
12. Reduce the side effects of hepatitis C treatment and increase the effectiveness of the treatment
Treatment for hepatitis C infection has serious side effects that are so serious that many people cannot continue treatment. The side effects range from fatigue, nausea, muscle pain, loss of appetite, and depression - sometimes for months.
But cannabis can save you: A 2006 study in the European Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology found that 86% of patients who consumed CBD had successfully completed their therapies, while only 29% of non-smokers had completed their treatments, possibly because CBD had the side effects of these treatments. Hepatitis C helps to reduce.
Cannabis also helps improve the effectiveness of the treatment. 54% of Hep C patients smoking CBD had low virus levels and kept them low compared to only 8% of non-smokers.
13. Improve the symptoms of lupus, an autoimmune disease.
Medical CBD is used to treat the autoimmune systemic lupus ertyhematosus, in which the body begins to attack itself for unknown reasons.
Some of the chemical compounds in cannabis are believed to be responsible for calming the immune system, which may be the reason to treat the symptoms of lupus. The rest of the positive effects of CBD are likely due to the effects of pain and nausea.
14. Protect the brain after a stroke.
Research (done on rats, mice, and monkeys) at the University of Nottingham shows that cannabis can protect the brain from stroke damage by reducing the size of the stroke.
This is not the only study that shows the neuroprotective effects of cannabis. Some research shows that the plant can help protect the brain after other traumatic events, such as concussions.
15. Reduce severe pain and nausea with chemotherapy and stimulate appetite
One of the most common uses of medical CBD is for people undergoing chemotherapy. Cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy experience severe pain, painful nausea, vomiting, and loss of appetite. This can lead to further health complications.
CBD can help reduce these side effects, relieve pain, reduce nausea, and stimulate appetite. There are other FDA-approved cannabinoid drugs that use THC for the same purposes.
16. Treat inflammatory bowel disease
As with Crohn's disease, patients with other inflammatory bowel diseases such as ulcerative colitis can benefit from using CBD.
In 2010, University of Nottingham researchers discovered that chemical compounds in CBD, including THC and cannabidiol, interact with cells in the body that play an important role in bowel function and the immune system.
THC-like compounds made by the body increase the permeability of the intestine and allow bacteria to enter. The plant cannabinoids in CBD block these body cannabinoids, stop their permeability and tighten the intestinal ligament.
17. Helps veterans suffering from PTSD
CBD is approved for the treatment of PTSD in some states in the United States. In New Mexico, PTSD is the primary reason people get a medical CBD license. However, this is the first time the U.S. Department of Health has approved a proposal that includes smoked or vaporized CBD.
Naturally occurring cannabinoids, similar to THC, help control the system that causes anxiety and nervousness in the body and brain.
18. Manage other types of muscle cramps
Other types of muscle cramps also respond to CBD.
Dr.'s patient Gupta, Chaz, has a condition called myoclonus flap (also known as Leeuwenhoek's disease). This leads to uninterrupted cramps in the abdominal muscles, which are not only painful, but also impair breathing and speaking.
Chaz used medical CBD to treat this disease because other very powerful medications couldn't treat him properly.
Smoking CBD can calm the seizures almost immediately, which also relaxes the mucous membranes of the diaphragm.
19. Protect the brain from concussions and trauma
A recent study published in the journal Cerebral Cortex showed ways that CBD can help heal the brain after a concussion or other traumatic injury.
The study showed that the experiments were carried out on mice and that CBD reduced bruising in the brain and supported the healing mechanisms after a traumatic injury.
Lester Grinspoon, emeritus professor of psychiatry and CBD attorney at Harvard, recently wrote an open letter to NFL Commissioner Roger Goodall saying that the NFL should stop testing CBD players and instead raise money to research the skill the CBD plant to protect the brain. In the open letter he writes:
"Many doctors and researchers already believe that CBD has incredibly powerful neuroprotective properties, a concept that is based on both laboratory and clinical data."
Goodall recently said he would consider allowing CBD to be used by athletes if medical research shows that it is an effective neuroprotective.
20. Helps eliminate nightmares
This is a bit "tricky" because it has both positive and negative effects. CBD can disrupt the sleep cycle by interrupting the later stages of REM sleep.
However, this can benefit people suffering from severe nightmares, especially in patients with PTSD. Nightmares and other dreams occur in the same sleep phases.
Interrupting REM sleep can prevent many of these dreams from occurring. Studies with a synthetic cannabinoid like THC have shown a decrease in the number of nightmares in patients with PTSD.
CBD may be a better sleep aid than some other medication or even alcohol, as the latter two may have a worse effect on sleep, although more research is needed on the subject.
21. Helps you lose weight
If you look around you will find that the avid cannabis user is usually not overweight. That's because cannabis helps your body regulate insulin while efficiently controlling calorie intake.
22. Shows promising treatment for autism
Cannabis is known to soothe and control mood. It can help children with autism who are regularly confronted with (violent) mood swings.
23. Helps with alcoholism
Another health benefit of cannabis is that cannabis is undoubtedly much safer than alcohol. While it may not be 100% risk-free, it can be a smarter way to curb alcoholism by replacing it with cannabis.